What is ECDSA in Bitcoin?


ECDSA, or Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm, is an algorithm used in Bitcoin to provide digital signatures for Bitcoin transactions. It provides a means of verifying the authenticity of a transaction and ensuring that it has not been tampered with. ECDSA is a crucial part of the Bitcoin protocol, and it is used to provide a secure and reliable way of verifying digital signatures.

Algebraically, an elliptic curve is represented as an equation of the following form: y2 = x3 + ax + b. For a = 0 and b = 7 (the version used by bitcoin), it looks like this:
What is ECDSA in Bitcoin?

Elliptic curves have useful properties. For example, a non-vertical line that intersects a curve at two points will always intersect the third point on the curve. Another property is that a non-vertical line that is tangent to a curve at one point will exactly intersect another point on the curve. You can use these properties to define two operations: adding a point and doubling a point.

To add the points, P + Q = R, a line is drawn through the points P and Q, which intersects the curve at the third point R.

Then a point on the curve is found that is symmetrical to the third point R about the x-axis. Point R and will be considered the sum of P and Q. Example:

What is ECDSA in Bitcoin?

Similarly, when doubling a point, a line is drawn that is tangent to the elliptic curve at point P, which must intersect it at one more point R.

The point R, symmetrical to R’ about the x-axis, will be considered the doubling point of P. Example:

What is ECDSA in Bitcoin?

Together, these two operations are used for the scalar product operation, R = a P, defined as adding the point P to itself a times. For example:

R = P + (P + (P + (P + (P + (P + P)))))

The process of multiplying by a scalar is usually simplified by a combination of addition and doubling points.

For example:

R = P + 2 (P + 2P)

Here 7P is divided into two steps of doubling the dot and two steps of adding the dot.


In conclusion, ECDSA is an important part of Bitcoin’s security system. It is a type of digital signature algorithm used for verifying the authenticity of digital documents and transactions. ECDSA is responsible for providing secure authentication and preventing double-spending in the Bitcoin network. Without this technology, Bitcoin wouldn’t be as secure as it is today.


What is ECDSA in Bitcoin?

ECDSA stands for Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm. It is a cryptographic algorithm used by Bitcoin to ensure that funds can only be spent by their rightful owners. It uses a combination of the sender’s private key and the transaction data to generate a unique signature that proves the authenticity of the transaction.

Comments (No)

Leave a Reply